Ambulatory, minimally-invasive methods can be split into two main categories:

1. Thermal Ablation

By using a thermal agent (heat), which can be produced through steam, radiofrequency or laser, varicose veins are obliterated (closed). These methods are applied guided by ultrasound and are minimally-invasive. Local anaesthetic or sedation can be used and the patient can resume regular activities that same day.

2. Chemical Ablation

Injecting a sclerotic substance (through injection or catheter) in the varicose veins determines a chemically induced irritation causing the vein’s walls to swell and obliterate (close) the vein.

  • Sclerotherapy and microsclerotherapy – for obliterating – closing small (thread veins) and medium-size varicose veins;
  • Foam injections;
  • ALPHA method – foam through catheter;

Varicose veins are treated through these methods by obliterating, or closing, these veins with the help of either a chemical or thermal agent. The blood flow through these veins is blocked and they are absorbed by the body over time, disappearing completely. Circulation is redirected through healthy veins in the patient’s leg.

Surgical Treatment

Stripping (ripping of the veins) is the most common method currently being used in Romania. It requires general or spinal anaesthesia with 7-14 days of recovery, can cause hematomas, in some cases even infections at the incision sites, as well as post-surgery pain.