Ultrasound (ultrasonography) is a type of investigative procedure without any contraindications. It’s part of the medical imaging exams, along with computerised tomography, magnetic resonance imaging and scintigraphy. The method uses ultrasounds, which are completely harmless for the patient. It’s a reliable and precise diagnosis procedure, useful in the diagnosis of medical and surgical emergencies. The information ultrasound provides are:
Ultrasounds are not painful and can be performed as many times as the condition’s evolution requires it, regardless of the patient’s age. The procedure allows the precise diagnosis of several conditions, pinpointing their severity and identifying the best treatment solutions for each. It is extremely useful for the evaluation of the health of the body and for identifying illnesses that don’t yet present any symptoms.
There are many types of ultrasound explorations depending on the equipment used and the region explored. Morphological information provided by the ultrasound pertains to the shape, size and structure of solid organs such as the liver, spleen, pancreas, kidney, prostate, thyroid, breast, etc. It’s extremely useful in detecting anomalies and malformations. What’s more, the specialist can ascertain the hemodynamics of the blood flow through these organs, as well as, peripheral vessels (arteries and veins of the limbs, carotid arteries, aorta etc.). The hemodynamic examination is performed using the Doppler technique.
The ultrasound can be performed either externally ( transcutaneously) – the transducer is applied on the surface of the skin in the affected region – or endocavitary – the transducer is inserted in the rectum (when investigating digestive or prostate tumors) or vagina (when investigating the uterus or cervix). Regardless of the approach (transcutaneous or endocavitary) the ultrasound can be completed with advanced procedures such as elastography or contrast ultrasound. The ultrasound is a very important method for the diagnosis of chronic and acute illnesses. It’s considered an intermediary and mandatory procedure between any clinical exam and imaging investigations which use radiation (primarily computerized tomography) or those that are more costly.
One of the services we offer to our patients is Vacular Screening, a lengthy doppler-ultrasound investigation, where all major arteries are checked in order to diagnose at an early stage a possible aneurism, stenosis or thrombus. In case more investigations are needed we can walk you through the process, get the results and in case the patient desires we offer, free of charge, a telemedicine medical service.